Mortgage Statements: What Are They And How Long Should You Keep Them?
February 19, 2023 6-minute read
Author: Hanna Kielar
Table Of Contents
It’s easy to let statements and other loan documents pile up. It can be tempting to throw these papers out, especially if your mortgage is close to maturity. But how long should you keep your statements – and which ones are worth keeping?
Overview: What Is A Mortgage Statement?
A mortgage statement, which may also be referred to as a billing statement, is a document that comes from your lender and includes information on the status of your loan. Many lenders issue mortgage statements once a month, but you can usually access them online at any time.
Some of the information you might see on your mortgage statement includes:
- Your monthly payment summary: Your monthly payment summary tells you your totally payment due each month. It typically includes the amount due on your principal, your interest due and any taxes or insurance you pay to an escrow account. Overdue balances or late fees are usually also listed in this section. It can be useful to get another mortgage statement to see your updated summary if you make an extra payment on your loan.
- Loan information: Your loan information section tells you the most important details of your mortgage account. This section might include things like your account number, the address of your property and your current interest rate. Keep an eye on both your interest rate and current market rates – if market rates fall, you might be able to save money by refinancing your mortgage.
- Year-to-date payments: This section tells you how much money you’ve paid off on your principal balance and in interest for the year so far. This information might be especially relevant if you have a home office or you claim any home-related income tax deductions.
- Transaction activity: Your transaction activity provides a more complete look at how you reduce what you owe over time. This can help you better understand the amortization process and see how making an extra payment can benefit you.
- Client service information: Most mortgage statements also include a section with client service and contact Use this section to contact your lender if something on your loan looks wrong.
Depending on your mortgage lender, your loan statements might have all these sections, only a few of them or additional ones.
You’ll also get a Loan Estimate and a Closing Disclosure. These documents show the details of your loan and keep your lender accountable from the time you apply to the time you close. You might even receive a copy of your deed and promissory note after closing. If not, you may want to reach out to your county deeds office to get one. These are all important documents that every homeowner should keep.
When you make repairs or additions to your house, you should also retain detailed records on the cost and materials. Warranties, receipts and sales records all help keep track of any work you’ve done on your home. These documents can be important if you choose to refinance your loan down the road.
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What Are The Most Important Mortgage Documents To Keep?
The U.S. government recommends that you keep your deed for as long as you own your home. However, most municipalities now have online land records with virtual deeds and land record databases. You may still want to keep a copy of your deed as a fast method of proving that you own your property. You receive the deed from the county.
Deed Of Trust And Promissory Note
Your deed of trust and promissory note are agreements to the terms of your loan. You may want to refer to these documents later, so hang onto them. These will come from your mortgage servicer.
Purchase Contract And Seller Disclosures
Your purchase contract and seller disclosures include information on your home’s condition. You may have a case against the seller if a problem occurs in your home after you buy the property and the seller didn’t include it in your contract or disclosure.
Home repair bills can add up to thousands of dollars, so these documents are very important to keep. These documents are part of the home purchase process and you and the seller should receive a copy.
Home Inspection Report
Your home inspection report details the condition of your home. It may include information on things like the age of your roof or the state of your heating system. This report can give you valuable insights into any home maintenance needs. You'll get a copy from the inspector.
If you have one, your home warranty will include information on what parts of your home have protections on them. Keep a copy of your warranty on hand so you can quickly see what’s covered under your valid policy and what isn’t. The home warranty company will be able to give you a copy of your contract.
Why Should You Keep Your Mortgage Documents?
Documentation For Audits
Buying a home and paying off your mortgage may have tax implications. You’ll want to have your documents on hand to show the IRS if you file your federal taxes and receive an audit. The IRS may ask you to provide written proof of any deductions, income or credits for up to 3 years after you file your tax return.
Keep in mind that there are no statutes of limitations on audits if you fail to file a tax return in any given year. If you’ve missed a tax due date for whatever reason, you’ll want to keep your loan and property documents indefinitely.
Calculating Capital Gains Tax
You may be responsible for the capital gains tax if you sell your home. This is money you pay when you sell an asset for more than the amount you bought it for. You can add the cost of any improvements you make on your home to the original purchase price of the property. This increases the amount you “paid” for your home and also lowers the difference between your purchase and sale price. This decreases your capital gains tax liability.
Keep documentation of any repairs, additions or renovations you make on your home to help calculate your capital gains tax dues. This paperwork can also come in handy if you’re ever audited.
An inspection is a report that tells you about the condition of your home. You can use this documentation to schedule maintenance and predict when something will need a replacement. For example, you'll want to spend more time on roofing maintenance if you buy a home and your inspection reveals that the roof is falling apart.
Ensure Your Payments Are Accurate
Your monthly mortgage statements detail how much you owe on your loan and what you’ve already paid off. Compare your statements with one another and make sure that all your payments are accurate.
This is especially important if you want to make an extra payment on your loan. Some lenders may apply an extra payment to next month’s balance instead of directly to your principal. Keeping tabs on your statements will allow you to catch this mistake quickly before more interest can accumulate.
How Long Should You Keep Your Mortgage Statements?
You should keep monthly statements for the shortest amount of time. Because the information on these statements gets outdated quickly, you don’t need to keep them for long.
Most homeowners typically keep their statements for about 3 years. Even though your lender will have copies of your monthly billing statements, it’s a good idea to have the physical ones on hand. You may want to keep each one for a longer period of time if you notice a mistake on one of your statements. Rocket Mortgage® clients can access their statements online as well.
You should hold onto your Closing Disclosure, deed and promissory note as long as you have a mortgage loan. These documents tell you important information about your loan and property – you may want to refer to them later. If you really want to get rid of your personal copy of your deed, make sure that you have a document labeled “release” or “certificate of satisfaction.” You can verify this with your title insurance company.
There are some documents that you should keep indefinitely. Hang onto your purchase contract, records of any renovations you make on your home and your home inspection. These contain important information on your property’s condition and can be invaluable when you sell your home or do maintenance. Keep your warranty until it expires.
Mortgage Statement FAQs
You should keep your homeowners insurance statements and account information until you get a new policy. You may want to keep them longer for tax or accounting purposes.
How long should I keep my refinance documents?
Like your mortgage payment statements, you should keep any paperwork on your refinance for at least 3 years. Although, some professionals might recommend keeping it for at least 10 years.
You may need to refer to your refinance paperwork in case there are any errors in your future statements or if you see a sudden change in your interest rate or payment amount.
How long should I keep my property tax records?
For tax records, you should keep these for at least 3 years after you sell the property. If you still own the home, you should keep the property tax statements and store them in a safe place.
What’s the best way to store my mortgage paperwork?
In this digital age, you might be tempted to upload everything to your online file-sharing service or cloud and forget about it. Unfortunately, these services aren’t tamper-proof. A hack or data breach can cause you to lose your information.
If you do keep online records, also keep a physical copy of all your important messages or documents in a locked fireproof cabinet in your home. Tell any other person on your loan where your documents are and how to access them.
The Bottom Line
Mortgages come with a lot of documentation. Much of it is useful for tax, accounting and maintenance purposes, so hang onto it. Store a copy of each of your mortgage statements for a few years to make sure all of your payments are accurate and accounted for. Keep your personal copy of your deed, promissory note and Closing Disclosure for as long as you have your loan.
You should also hang onto your inspection report and seller disclosures as long as you own your home. However, you can throw away your home warranty policy when it expires. Store your files both in a secure online cloud-based storage system as well as in a fireproof cabinet in your home.
If you want to find more tax and accounting tips for homeowners, read about common tax deductions you may qualify for this year when you file your return.
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