5 roommates eating homemade pancakes.

Buying A House With A Friend: Pros, Cons And How To Get Started

Victoria Araj6-minute read

June 02, 2021

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Most of the examples of homeownership we're used to seeing are based around a traditional nuclear family dynamic. We often think of buying a house as something to do with a significant other, or maybe something to do on your own. But what about buying a house with a friend? Is it even possible?

Can You Buy A House With A Friend?

The short answer is yes. There are many different ways to have ownership interest in a property, and this includes options that allow any number of people to partner for the purpose of purchasing a home. As long as you both can afford your mortgage, you and your friend will be all clear to go in on a house together.

Pros And Cons Of Purchasing Property With Friends

There are pros and cons when it comes to purchasing a house with friends. While there are plenty of reasons why buying a house with the help of a friend is a great idea, you should also think carefully about the possible consequences and fallout of making such a big commitment.

Here's how the benefits and drawbacks shake out.

Pros

  • You can boost your purchasing power. By pooling your resources, you'll probably be able to afford a better house in a better area than you would if you tried to purchase alone.
  • It's easier to get a mortgage. The amount you can afford for a down payment will likely increase with your friend's help, and it could be easier to meet credit score requirements if you have two mortgagees, since many lenders will average your ratings and look at combined income (assuming both of you have good credit).
  • No mortgage insurance. Splitting down payment costs means you'll be more likely to pay at least 20% of your home cost up front. If you can manage that, you won't have to worry about private mortgage insurance (PMI).
  • You can split costs. Buying a house is daunting, especially if you're just at the beginning of your career. Partnering with a friend can slash many expenses in half, including utilities and repair costs as well as mortgage payments.
  • You can build equity together. If your only other option is renting, buying a house with a friend can be a great way to start building equity rather than making monthly rental payments that don't add value to an asset you own.
  • It can help you get your first home or start investing. Sharing costs with someone else is how many people get their first home or get into real estate investing. Choosing a trusted friend to partner with can be a great way to get a head start when you're early in your career.
  • You can benefit from the company of a friend. While this is true for renting and roommates as well, you might be at a point in life where you're ready to own a home or move to a new place but don't want to do it alone.

Cons

  • Every mortgagee's credit score matters, which means your friend's credit score can negatively affect your mortgage terms. Even if your score remains high, your monthly payments could change significantly if your friend starts having credit problems before you purchase your home.
  • Your friend can affect your credit score. Your mortgage payments are just one part of the problem. If your friend falls behind on their payments, your credit score will suffer along with theirs, even if you've been on top of your share all along.
  • It's hard for one person to move out. Since you're both on the mortgage, you'll need to go through a refinance to get the house back under your name, and unless you're in a good place financially, you might not be able to take on the burden of homeownership by yourself.
  • It can be hard to work out the fine print. There's a lot to think about when it comes to owning property, including how shares will be divided and how to handle survivorship and inheritance issues. These can be huge, heavy discussions to have with a friend, and they aren't always easy conversations to have.
  • Your debt-to-income ratio (DTI) might suffer. Even though you split your mortgage payments with your friend, you and your friend are technically still responsible for the entire mortgage individually, which means your DTI will look a lot higher if you apply for other loans.
  • Your relationship might suffer. If you decide to go in on a house with someone, chances are that you have a high level of respect and trust for that person. Even so, owning a home together can easily change a relationship, and new responsibilities and challenges might cause stress and disagreements. Before buying a house together, think about whether owning a home is worth the potential risk of damaging your friendship.

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How To Buy A House With A Friend

Need help getting started? Here's what you'll need to figure out and consider before getting into the standard home buying process.

Choose Your Partner Wisely

Before anything else, your top priority needs to be making sure you have the right partner to purchase a house with. Sorting through priorities and motives when making such a big commitment can be overwhelming, but you'll need to ask yourself – and your friend – some frank questions before deciding to purchase together.

Here are just a few to get started:

  • Are you in a stable financial position?
  • Can you make good decisions regarding your credit?
  • Do you both want the same things in a house?
  • How long do you plan on living in the house?
  • Do you have a stable and satisfying job?
  • Is either of you in or likely to enter into a long-term relationship?

Figure Out How To Split Ownership

Ownership terms are often expressed in a way that assumes a married partnership between homeowners, but if you're buying a house with a friend, you might need to dig a bit deeper to understand how various forms of co-tenancy will function in your specific situation.

There are two main types of ownership to consider: joint tenancy and tenancy in common.

Joint tenancy gives each homeowner equal property shares, but it has some strict rules governing Right of Survivorship and financial responsibility. With tenancy in common, property shares can be divided equally or unequally between homeowners and be left to each individual's heirs, rather than passing to the remaining co-owner. Typically, however, passing property in this way will still require probate, which joint tenancy avoids.

Decide On Property Type

If you're moving in with a friend, you might not be interested in a traditional single-family home, though this can be a great option if you're both on board with living closely together. Some other options to consider include various types of multifamily homes, like duplexes. You might even consider getting a larger home with three or four units if you want to live in and gain rental income from your home at the same time.

Divide Responsibilities Equally

A lot goes into owning a home. Having two people to split those responsibilities can be a huge help or a major hurdle, depending on how well you and your friend communicate. Try to figure out upfront who will take care of which responsibilities and how you'll divide up financial contributions when it comes to various utilities, repairs and other costs. It might even be beneficial to set up a home fund to make sure you're contributing and have access to emergency funds needed for unexpected expenses.

Make A Plan For Moving Or Selling

Figuring out how to split up might feel like a bad start to owning a home together, but it's important to have an idea of what you'll do if something unexpected happens.

Maybe you lose your job and need to move to find a new opportunity, or your company needs to transfer you to another city. Maybe your friend gets into a new relationship and wants to move in with their significant other, or maybe you need to move back home to support your family.

Discuss how you'll handle the situation if one of you has to leave. Will you both sell or will you refinance as a single tenant? How will you split selling costs, profits and responsibilities? Regardless of what might cause it, you and your friend might need to break off your home partnership sooner than expected, and it’ll be a lot easier to handle if you have a plan in place ahead of time.

The Bottom Line: Think Carefully Before Committing

Buying a house with a friend might be a great way for you to achieve homeownership, but it's not a decision you should make lightly. Before diving in, make sure you understand the financial and logistical hurdles you'll face as well as the human and emotional elements that might affect the purchase or, more importantly, your relationship.

When you're both ready, you can apply online to get started on your mortgage and review your home loan options together.

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Victoria Araj

Victoria Araj is a Section Editor for Rocket Mortgage and held roles in mortgage banking, public relations and more in her 15+ years with the company. She holds a bachelor’s degree in journalism with an emphasis in political science from Michigan State University, and a master’s degree in public administration from the University of Michigan.