Mortgagor shaking hands with a mortgagee.

Mortgagor: A Definition

3-minute read

September 17, 2020

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If you’re buying a house, you’ll likely have to take out a mortgage. A mortgage is a loan that covers the cost of your home that you can’t pay for and is typically paid back over 15 – 30 years. If you plan to take out a mortgage, you’re known as the mortgagor in the home buying transaction. Therefore, if you’re in the market for a home or piece of real estate, here’s what you need to know about becoming a mortgagor.

What Is A Mortgagor?

A mortgagor is a party who borrows money to purchase a home or piece of real estate. When a person wants to purchase a home, they must go to a bank or lending institution to ask for a mortgage. When they receive the funds necessary to purchase a property, they are referred to as the mortgagor.

Mortgagor Versus Mortgagee

In a real estate agreement, the mortgagor is the borrower of a mortgage loan, and the mortgagee is the lender. The mortgagor makes regular payments on the loan and agrees to a lien on the mortgaged property as collateral for the mortgagee, and the mortgagee sets the terms of the loan, oversees its payment, and maintains the right to seize the property should the mortgagor fall behind on their payments.

Until the mortgage is repaid in full, the mortgagee will maintain ownership of the property. Essentially, if the mortgagor fails to repay the entire loan, the mortgagee can decide to bid or sell the property.

How Mortgage Loans Work

A mortgage is a loan that helps a person buy a property. Typically, the mortgagor has put down at least 3% of the property’s value to show that they will be able to pay back the rest to the lender or mortgagee.

In exchange for a loan, the lender gives the mortgagee the title to their home as collateral to ensure that they will pay off the home over time. For anywhere from 15 – 30 years, the mortgagor pays back the loan in monthly installments, plus additional interest. Since the mortgagor is securing the loan with collateral, it’s known as a secured loan.

How A Mortgagor Gets A Mortgage Loan

The process by which a mortgagor applies for and receives a mortgage loan is relatively simple. The first thing a lender typically looks at is a borrower’s credit scores and credit history. If the borrower’s credit score is strong enough to qualify for a loan, then the borrower will go through the underwriting process. In underwriting, the lender verifies the borrower’s income, assets, debt, and property details to issue final approval for your loan.

There are several types of loans mortgagors might consider in addition to a conventional mortgage. For example, a government-backed loan such as an FHA loan is insured by the Federal Housing Administration and only requires a borrower to put 3.5% down and can have a lower credit score. However, the interest rates on these loans are typically a bit higher.

Another government-backed loan you may consider is a VA loan that’s insured by the Department of Veterans Affairs. A VA loan can allow you to buy a home with $0 down and lower interest rates than most other types of loans. However, you must meet service requirements in the Armed Forces or National Guard to qualify.

Another option you may consider if you decide to go with a conventional mortgage is an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM). An ARM is a 30-year loan with interest rates that change after the fixed period expires, depending on how market rates move.

Every lender will have different underwriting requirements, terms, and interest rates. That’s why it’s important to research different types of loans to decide which interest rate, down payment, mortgage insurance, and loan terms are right for you.

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Mortgagor Responsibilities

Once a mortgagor has gotten a loan, they are responsible for a few things throughout the life of the loan. First of all, they must make consistent mortgage payments. Additionally, they must abide by the contract terms and provisions. These terms of your mortgage agreement can vary depending on who your lender is and what type of loan you have.

Equity Of Redemption

The Equity of Redemption is the right of a homeowner to buy their property even after it has gone into foreclosure. When a mortgagee chooses to “accelerate” a mortgage, it means that a borrower is behind on their payments and they must catch up on the payments to have paid the complete due amount in full. Therefore, Equity of Redemption is important because it allows borrowers to recover from financial troubles.

The Bottom Line

A mortgagor is the borrower in a home buying process. They take a loan from a mortgagee and are expected to pay back the amount that they borrowed plus interest in installments over up to three decades. If you have further questions about what loan is right for you or how to start the home buying process, be sure to check out Rocket Mortgage® by Quicken Loans® for further tips and information.

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