What Is A Cash-In Refinance And Should You Consider One?
Erin Gobler6-minute read
June 04, 2021
When you come into a large amount of money — whether it be from a tax return, inheritance, work bonus, or something else — you may decide to put it toward debt. One way to do that is through a cash-in refinance, which is when you replace your current home loan with a smaller one after making a lump-sum payment.
A cash-in refinance can have some serious benefits, such as lowering your monthly payment or helping you save money on interest. But it’s important to weigh your options because a cash-in refinance isn’t the right choice for everyone.
What Is A Cash-In Refinance?
A cash-in refinance is a type of refinancing where a homeowner makes a lump-sum payment on their home loan during the refinance process. As a result, they replace their current mortgage with one that has a smaller principal balance. A cash-in refinance is similar to a mortgage recast, where lenders agree to make changes to mortgage loan terms after the borrower makes a lump-sum payment.
A cash-in refinance is the opposite of the popular cash-out refinance. In a cash-out refinance, homeowners borrow more money than they currently owe on their mortgage. Then, they receive the difference in cash. Cash-out refinances are often used for debt consolidation or financing home improvements.
Can You Put More Money Down When Refinancing?
In most cases, refinancing involves replacing your current home loan with a new mortgage for the same amount. But homeowners also have the option of putting down additional money to decrease their mortgage balance.
A common reason that someone may put more money down when refinancing is to meet their lender’s loan-to-value (LTV) requirements for refinancing. Often, lenders require that homeowners have at least 20% equity in their homes before refinancing.
Suppose you had less than 20% equity but wanted to refinance to take advantage of the record-low interest rates. You could use a cash-in refinance, where you make a lump-sum payment to reach 20% equity.
Closing on a cash-in refinance is exactly the opposite of closing on a cash-out refinance. When you do a cash-in refinance, you bring a check to the closing table with your lump-sum payment. That amount reduces the balance of your new mortgage. In the case of a cash-out refinance, you take out a larger mortgage and leave the closing table with a check in hand.
What Are The Advantages Of A Cash-In Refinance?
There are several good reasons that someone might consider a cash-in refinance, from qualifying for better loan terms to reducing your monthly payment.
You’ll Lower Your LTV Ratio And Might Qualify For A Better Interest Rate
When lenders set the interest rate on a mortgage, they consider the loan-to-value ratio (LTV), which is the percentage of your loan balance to the market value of the home. The smaller the LTV, the better because it represents less risk for the lender. And because of the reduced risk, lenders often offer lower interest rates to homeowners with a lower LTV.
This consideration is especially important to homeowners with underwater mortgages, meaning they owe more than their property is worth. A cash-in refinance can help those borrowers to build some equity in their home, making them eligible for refinancing and a better interest rate.
You Might Get Rid Of PMI Payments
Lenders usually charge private mortgage insurance (PMI) to borrowers to buy a home with less than 20% down. The PMI protects your lender in case you default on your loan. PMI is often 0.5% - 1% of the loan amount, meaning a mortgage of $250,000 would have PMI ranging from $1,250 – $2,500 per year.
PMI usually falls off automatically once a property’s LTV reaches 78% or less. But another way to get rid of PMI is with a cash-in refinance, where you make a lump-sum payment to increase your equity in the home. As long as you have at least 20% equity with your new loan, you won’t pay PMI.
It’s important to note that if you have a loan insured by the FHA, VA, or USDA, this perk may not apply to you. The FHA’s mortgage insurance, VA’s Funding Fee, and the USDA’s Guarantee Fee aren‘t cancellable, meaning refinancing won’t help you to eliminate them.
You Might Be Able To Afford A 15-Year Fixed-Rate Mortgage
A 15-year fixed-rate mortgage comes with several perks, including lower interest rates and lower lifetime interest payments. Unfortunately, because of the higher monthly payments, 15-year mortgages are unaffordable for most people.
But with a cash-in refinance, you may be able to reduce your mortgage amount enough to trade in an adjustable-rate mortgage or a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage for a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage. Depending on the size of your loan, it could make the difference of tens of thousands — or even upward of $100,000 — of dollars in interest.
You’ll Lower Your Monthly Mortgage Payments
Another perk of a cash-in refinance is that if you choose to stick with a longer mortgage term, you can reduce your monthly mortgage payment. As a result, you have more room in your monthly budget for other expenses.
Suppose you have a mortgage of $200,000 and an interest rate of 3%. On a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, you would pay about $843 per month in principal and interest payments. If you did a cash-in refinance and made a lump-sum payment of $25,000, you would reduce your monthly payments to $737. You’ve saved more than $100 per month, and that’s with the same interest rate. You may be eligible to refinance at a lower rate, which would help you save even more.
You’ll Reduce Your Overall Debt Load
Among all the other benefits, a cash-in refinance can help you to reduce your overall debt load. Some people may just want emotional freedom from debt. Others might want to reduce their mortgage balance to lower their debt-to-income ratio.
Reducing your total debt can be especially beneficial for those considering retiring early, since eliminating a large monthly payment will make retirement more achievable.
Are There Any Disadvantages To A Cash-In Refinance?
While a cash-in refinance can have plenty of benefits, it’s likely not the right choice for everyone. It’s also important to consider the downsides.
You’ll Incur Refinance Costs
Refinancing your mortgage, just like taking out your initial mortgage, requires upfront closing costs. In most cases, you can expect to pay between 2% – 3% of your loan balance in closing costs. For someone who isn’t planning to stay in their home long, incurring those costs might not make sense.
To determine if refinancing is a good decision, calculate your break-even point by figuring out how many months it would take to recoup your upfront closing costs. If you don’t plan to stay in the home until at least that time, it may not make sense to refinance.
Your Funds Will Become Illiquid
Homeowners should be sure to have cash reserves in a highly liquid savings account to avoid becoming house poor in the case of a financial setback. If you can’t do a cash-in refinance without emptying your savings, it’s probably not the right choice for you.
You Might Miss Out On More Lucrative Opportunities Elsewhere
Making a large lump-sum payment toward your mortgage inevitably means you don’t have that money to use for something else. The money you use on a cash-in refinance could otherwise be used to pay down higher-interest debt or contribute to higher-earning investments.
Suppose you were considering making a $25,000 payment on your $200,000 mortgage with a 3% interest rate. Over the life of a 30-year loan, this would save you about $12,800. But in an investment account with an 8% annual return, that same $25,000 could earn you nearly $250,000.
You Could Run Afoul Of Your Mortgage’s Prepayment Clause
Some mortgages come with a prepayment penalty, which some lenders requires if you pay your home loan off early. These fees also apply when you refinance. Many companies, including Rocket Mortgage®, don’t charge prepayment penalties. They’re also illegal on government-backed loans from the FHA, VA or USDA. But for other borrowers, it’s important to read the fine print of your mortgage before doing a cash-in refinance.
Are There Alternatives To A Cash-In Refinance?
If your goal is simply to pay off your mortgage early, a cash-in refinance isn’t necessary. Instead, you can either make a single lump-sum payment on your mortgage or make recurring extra payments to chip away at your loan faster. As mentioned above, read the fine print of your mortgage to ensure this doesn’t trigger a prepayment penalty.
Another option for those considering a cash-in refinance is a mortgage recast, where you make a lump-sum payment toward your loan balance, and your lender agrees to reamortize your mortgage. Rather than starting fresh with a new loan, a mortgage recast simply allows you to reamortize your existing one, reducing your monthly payment. A mortgage recast generally requires a lump-sum payment of $5,000 or more. There’s often a fee associated with a recast, but it’s usually no more than a few hundred dollars, which is significantly less than the cost of a refinance.
The Bottom Line: A Cash-In Refinance Can Make Your Monthly Payments Easier And Get You Out Of Debt Sooner
A cash-in refinance can be a great option for a homeowner who has recently come into a significant amount of money, such as from a tax refund or inheritance. It’s especially attractive for those hoping to reduce their mortgage interest rate or lower their monthly payments. But it’s not the only way to chip away at your mortgage, and so it’s important to research your options before taking the next steps.
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