What Are Lender Credits Used For When Buying A House?
Victoria Araj6-minute read
April 07, 2021
If you’re in the process of closing on a house, you may be wondering if lender credits could be right for you. To provide a brief definition, lender credits let you roll your closing costs into your loan. In exchange for not paying these costs upfront, your lender charges you a higher interest rate over the life of your loan.
If you’re feeling daunted by the prospect of factoring closing costs into your house buying budget, lender credits could seem like a tempting way out of a bind. They can be an appealing option for home shoppers on a budget. But are they worth the cost? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the benefits and drawbacks of lender credits when buying a house, and help you decide whether taking lender credits is right for you.
What Is A Lender Credit?
During the last stages of your loan, your lender will pay upfront for necessary services such as a home appraisal and any pest inspections that your state may require. The lender then charges these services to you in the form of closing costs.
If your lender offers you credits, it means they’ll absorb your closing costs and shoulder the costs themselves. In exchange, you agree to take on a higher interest rate than you would get if you were to pay the closing costs yourself out of your own funds.
The amount that your interest rate increases depends on how many credits you take. The more credits you accept, the more money your lender will “credit” you for your closing costs – and the higher your new interest rate will be.
Lender credits are like the inverse of discount points, which allow people to pay more money upfront to reduce their interest rate. Both lender credits and discount points will appear on your Closing Disclosure if you choose this option.
Closing costs can be more expensive than you might anticipate. They typically equal 3% – 6% of your total loan value when purchasing a home. That means if you buy a home with a $200,000 loan, you can expect to pay an additional $6,000 – $12,000 in closing costs. These costs come in addition to anything that you pay in a down payment.
Expensive closing costs can make lender credits tempting. However, these credits may not be as advantageous as they appear.
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Are Lender Credits Worth It?
Lender credits can provide a great opportunity for homeowners who are short on cash. However, remember that lender credits aren’t free money. You pay for anything you take out in credits over the course of your loan through a higher interest rate.
Your payment may only increase by a few dollars each month – but this small increase can add up to thousands of dollars in a short amount of time. Let’s look at an example.
Let’s say you want to buy a home with a $200,000 principal loan balance and a 30-year term at 4%. Your lender tells you that when you close, you’ll need to pay $6,000 in closing costs. You can take on an interest rate of 4.25% if you don’t want to cover your own closing costs.
The only thing you need to pay for is a down payment in exchange for accepting higher interest rates. You may not have this money on hand after you calculate your down payment, so you decide to take the lender credits.
Your monthly payment each month is $983.88 because you took the lender credits. By the time your loan matures and you totally own your home, you’ll have paid your lender $154,196.73 in interest.
Now, let’s look at what you’d pay if you had covered your own closing costs. You’d pay $6,000 to your lender upfront at 4% – paying your own closing costs means a lower interest rate. In this example, your monthly payment would be $954.83. That’s just under $30 less per month than the higher APR.
Over the course of your loan, you pay a total of $143,738.99 in interest. Even after you subtract the $6,000 you paid in closing costs when you took your loan, this loan is over $4,500 less expensive. Even a small increase in your APR makes a big difference in how much you end up paying.
Let’s take a closer look at some more benefits and drawbacks of lender credits to help you decide if they’re right for you.
Lender credits can offer some powerful benefits, especially if you’re short on cash. Here are some:
You’ll pay less money upfront to your lender. The major benefit of lender credits is that they allow you to close on your mortgage loan without paying thousands in closing costs. The average home buyer pays 3% – 6% of their loan’s value in closing costs, which can quickly add up to thousands of dollars.
You may be able to buy a home sooner. Credits can potentially mean the difference between closing now and more months of saving. Depending on the cost of your rent, the additional cost in interest could be partially offset by savings in monthly rent payments.
You may be able to avoid PMI. If you’re getting a conventional loan, your lender will require you to pay private mortgage insurance if you don’t have at least 20% to put down on your home loan during closing. PMI is a type of protection that safeguards your lender if you stop making your loan payments.
You might not have the money to pay for your closing costs, but you also don’t have a 20% down payment. You might still want to take the credits. You can then apply the money you would have paid in closing costs toward your down payment.
This can be more financially beneficial for you for two reasons: For one, the higher your down payment, the lower your potential interest rate. Additionally, the premiums for PMI are bucketed based on the size of your down payment. If you can make a slightly higher down payment to get into a lower bucket, you may not have to pay as much for PMI.
Do the math with your lender’s offered rates and see if you can save using credits.
Your monthly payment will only slightly increase. Depending on how many credits you take, your monthly payment may only rise by a few dollars. If you’re like most homebuyers, paying an extra $30 a month toward your mortgage is much more feasible than coming up with $6,000 or more to close.
You could save money if you end up selling your home soon after buying. The main drawback of a higher interest rate is that you pay more for your loan as it matures. Let’s say you plan to sell your home or refinance in a few years. You might end up paying just a few hundred dollars more in interest. When you compare this amount to the thousands you may pay during closing, you end up saving money using credits.
Things To Consider
There are a few things to consider before you accept those credits.
Credits mean you could pay thousands more for your loan. Using credits can save you money if you’re only planning on living in your home for a few years. However, if you live there longer, you’ll end up paying more over the life of your loan.
Even a small percentage increase can mean spending thousands more on a home loan. This is especially true if you take on a 30-year mortgage. The longer you plan on living in your home, the more you’ll pay in interest.
Lender credits could increase refi closing costs. Planning to refinance your loan in a few years when interest rates drop? Remember that refinancing also requires you to pay closing costs. As a rule, you can expect to pay 2% – 4% of the total value of your loan.
Since lender credits raise the value of the loan, they will also raise the price of future closing costs, which will be a percentage of that loan.
There are other ways to save on closing costs. There are more affordable ways to cover your closing costs than taking on a permanently higher interest rate. For example, you can ask the seller to pay a percentage of your closing costs.
If the seller really wants to close the sale, they may be willing to pay a portion of your closing costs to seal the deal. This is known as a seller concession. Alternatively, if your seller doesn’t have the cash on hand, you may be able to convince them to accept a lower final selling price.
You can then divert that money toward your closing costs. These creative solutions save you money on interest and lessen the burden of closing costs.
Lender credits help you spend less on closing costs. When you accept lender credits, your lender agrees to cover all or some of your closing costs. Closing costs can equal thousands of dollars, so this is a major benefit. Just know, though, that you’ll pay a higher interest rate in exchange for your savings.
Lender credits can save you money if you plan to live in your home for only a few years. Your monthly payment may only increase by a few dollars a month, which you might find more realistic to pay compared to thousands at closing.
However, if you live in your home for a longer period of time, this interest adds up. Consider asking your seller to cover a portion of the costs for you if you want to save on closing costs without accepting a higher interest rate.
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