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VA Funding Fee: Your Questions Answered

Kevin Graham5-minute read

November 23, 2021

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For eligible veterans, service members and surviving spouses who are hoping to become homeowners, the VA loan program provides a lot of benefits to help them do so. VA loans are a form of government loan, or a loan insured or backed by the U.S. federal government. A VA home loan offers good interest rates, low- or no-down-payment options and no monthly mortgage insurance, making it a great mortgage option for those who are eligible.

Though there are a lot of positives of getting a VA loan, all these great benefits do come at a price – or rather, a fee. While it’s only a small percentage of the overall loan amount, the VA funding fee can be a significant cost for borrowers. What is it, how does it work and how much can home buyers expect to pay? Let’s take a look.

What Is A VA Funding Fee?

The VA funding fee is a one-time fee paid to the Department of Veterans Affairs that supports the VA home loan program. Veterans who put down less than 5% on their home purchase will pay 2.3% of the total loan amount when buying a home for the first time and 3.6% on subsequent loans. VA borrowers can pay less on the funding fee by putting down more money on the home.

This governmental fee changes periodically. The current fee structure will remain in place until January 1, 2022.

How Does The VA Funding Fee Differ From Mortgage Insurance?

The VA funding fee is also sometimes referred to as VA loan private mortgage insurance (PMI) or VA loan mortgage insurance. The funding fee is the VA’s version of mortgage insurance – your payment is due when you close on your home, and it can be financed if necessary.

The terms funding fee, VA loan PMI and VA loan mortgage insurance are used interchangeably, and for the most part, they are very similar and go toward the same cause: partially protecting the lender and the VA in the case of a home buyer’s mortgage default.

Let’s break it down further by comparing mortgage insurance expectations across different types of home loans:

While these terms have specific meanings within their bureaucracies, if you’re looking to buy a home, they’re all pretty similar.

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Why Is The VA Loan Funding Fee Assessed?

VA loans are guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. This means that if a borrower defaults on the loan, the lender is partially protected from the loss because the government insures the loan. The funding fee helps with this cost and others related to the VA home loan program and ensures that the program remains sustainable.

How Much Is The VA Funding Fee?

One of the big benefits of a VA home loan is that borrowers can get a mortgage with 0% down. However, there is an advantage to putting down a larger down payment, as the percentage you put down is directly related to how much you’ll pay for your funding fee. A larger down payment means a smaller funding fee.

Our VA funding chart for 2021 specifies what you’ll pay depending on how much you put down and whether you’ve used the program before or not.

2021 VA Funding Fees For Purchase And Construction Loans

Down Payment

First-Time VA Borrower

Subsequent VA Borrower

<5%

2.3%

3.6%

5% or more

1.65%

1.65%

10% or more

1.4%

1.4%

For cash-out or regular mortgage refinance, first-time borrowers will pay a 2.3% funding fee, while subsequent borrowers pay 3.6%. For Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans, also known as a VA Streamline refinance (where you’re refinancing your current VA loan into another VA loan), the funding fee is 0.5% for all borrowers.

How Is The Fee Paid?

The VA funding fee is due at the time of closing and is included as one of the closing costs a borrower must pay. Your lender sends the paid fee to the VA on your behalf.

The funding fee can be a significant and costly closing cost for VA loan borrowers. Fortunately, you don’t necessarily have to pay it all out of pocket in one lump sum. You have a few options for how this fee gets paid.

  • Paid upfront as a closing cost.
  • Financed as part of the loan.
  • Seller pays.

While you can pay the funding fee at closing if you choose, you also have the option to roll the fee into your mortgage loan. While this will increase the size of your loan and your monthly payments, it can make the fee easier to pay since you aren’t having to pay several thousand dollars upfront.

You can also have the seller pay the fee as a seller concession. According to VA rules, sellers can pay certain costs on behalf of the buyer, as long as these concessions don’t exceed 4% of the loan. However, certain costs, such as payment of discount points, are not subject to this limit.

Are There Any VA Funding Fee Exemptions?

Not every borrower has to pay the VA funding fee. Be sure to find out if you’re eligible for an exemption, as changes have been made to VA funding fee exemption rules in 2020 to allow certain Purple Heart recipients to receive an exemption. The following are circumstances under which someone would be eligible for a funding fee exemption:

  • Individuals who receive compensation for a service-related disability.
  • Individuals who are eligible for a service-related disability pay but receive retirement pay or active service pay.
  • Surviving spouses who meet the eligibility requirements for the VA home loan program.
  • Active-duty service members who have been awarded the Purple Heart.

To find out if you’re eligible for an exemption to the VA funding fee, check out your VA loan Certificate of Eligibility. It will state whether you’re exempt or nonexempt. If you don’t yet have a COE, you can learn how to apply on the VA website.

Is Anyone Eligible For A VA Funding Fee Refund?

If you paid the funding fee but believe you were eligible for an exemption at the time you paid it, you may be eligible for a refund. One example of this would be if you had a pending disability claim as you went through the home buying process that was approved after closing. If the effective date of your compensation is prior to the date you closed on your home, you may be able to get a refund on your funding fee.

If you believe you’re entitled to a refund, reach out to your lender or call your VA Regional Loan Center at (877) 827-3702.

The Bottom Line: Even With VA Funding Fees, Eligible Homeowners Might Still Benefit From VA Loans

The VA mortgage program is a popular and valuable benefit of military service. Even with the added expense of the funding fee, VA home loans can be a great option for those who qualify for the program, whether you’re purchasing a new home or refinancing your current home loan.

Ready to start your VA loan application? You can start online or contact one of our Home Loan Experts today at (833) 326-6018.

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Kevin Graham

Kevin Graham is a Senior Blog Writer for Rocket Companies. He specializes in economics, mortgage qualification and personal finance topics. As someone with cerebral palsy spastic quadriplegia that requires the use of a wheelchair, he also takes on articles around modifying your home for physical challenges and smart home tech. Kevin has a BA in Journalism from Oakland University. Prior to joining Rocket Mortgage, he freelanced for various newspapers in the Metro Detroit area.